Phases of Industrial Revolution

The industrial revolution is divided in 3 phases: machines and labor (1760 – 1840), technical revolution (1840 – 1920), technological revolution (1920…)

First phase: machines and labor (1760 – 1840)

Phases of the industrial revolution:


The industrial revolution changes the existence of the humans and accelerated the rhythm of the history. It wasn’t very fast it occurred slowed it needs time.

Technologic invents:
The precursors of the industrial revolution were the watches the manufactures gave to the British engineers the idea of constructed machines of high precision.

The global leadership of England:
The arrival of the immigrates Flemish and Huguenots to England during many time provided a strong impetus for industrial of wool and introduced new industries such as silk fabrics, England export by boats.

The triumph of the machines:

The British industry was transformed by two crucial changes: the mechanization of work and the application of the vapor of the new machines.

The mechanization of the work:
John Kay invents the shuttle hand wheel, that machine was enabled to fabricate cotton fabrics of the width wanted. Samuel Crompton invent the mule-jenny this machine produced thin thread, this machine had to be used on the banks of the rivers.

The application of vapor:
James Watt invent the machine of vapor this produce progress techniques this produce was more rentable. The first technologic were development in the textile industrial.

Steel and iron: mining and coal:

At the beginning of the industrialization, the feedstock for construct the machines was the iron.
The work with the iron planted a problem: for it foundry it need firewood, because the vapors that took out the coal plant do not favored the material.
The exit of the new techniques for the obtaining of the iron spread to others fields.
In 1779 was built the first metal bridge, in 1787 sailed the first ship made with iron plates riveted

The demographic revolution
Another significant event in Europe was the increase of the population, from 140 million to 300 million (1750 – 1850) and the entire population was concentrated in the cities.
The causes of the increase of the population were the industrial revolution, the better nutrition, advances in medicine and health, and dead rates fell from 30 to 1000 in 1780.
The increase of population makes the state restricting marriages dramatically.


Second phase: the technical revolution (1840 – 1920)


The technical progress and economic development created by the industrial revolution began to transform the habits and relationships between people. The communication and transportation methods make shortest distances.

Trains
One of the inventions of this phase were the trains. The first train was created in 1814 but was very slow so in 1835 were build powerful trains with more speed.

Steamboats
In 1803 the first model of a steam boat was created by Fulton. The mode was tested and works but the French government did not support this idea so Fulton moved to United States where he received support. In 1807 United States begun to produce this boats.

Industrial revolution expansion

France
Experiment from the 19 century a gradual industrialization. The machines they use came from England but later they began to build their own machines.Mechanization became generalized and the public works and the trains stimulated progress.

Germany
Industrialization begun with the role played by Prussia. In 1834 Germany created a large market, in 1835 began operating the first train, later industrial resources and technical capacity create the German empire and the country became a world power.

United States
In 1860 was the second industrial power. The great natural resources, the trains, and the emigrants were innovations caused the fast industrial development.

Japan
After the revolution Meiji, Japan started modernizing and this changes include the industrial revolution.

Third phase: technical revolution (1920…)

We can locate the face as of 1920.Around this time the aviation and space exploration received a big push. Developed the media of communication like the radio, television, film, telephone and the informatics and the media of transportation. Some of the characteristics of this time were called the Industrial Automation or empire of machines programmed.

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